GUSEV, SERGEI IVANOVICH (formerly Yakov Davidovich Drabkin; 1874–1933), Soviet party and government official. Gusev was born in the settlement of Sapozhok, Riazan district, Russia. In 1896 he entered the St. Petersburg Technological Institute and in the same year joined the revolutionary movement. He was one of the leaders of the workers' uprisings in Rostov in 1902–03. At the second congress of the Russian Social Democratic Revolutionary Party he joined the Bolsheviks and was secretary of the bureau of the St. Petersburg committee of the Party (1904–05), of the Odessa committee (1906),   and from 1906 to 1917 was engaged in Party work in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In 1917 he was secretary of the Petrograd military-revolutionary committee which organized the October armed uprising. From 1918 to 1920 Gusev was a member of the Revolutionary Military Soviet (RVS) of the 2nd and 5th Armies of the Eastern, Southeastern, and Southern Fronts, Commander of the Moscow defense sector, and member of the RVS of the republic. In 1921 he became head of the political directorate of the Red Army and in 1922 chairman of the Turkestan bureau of the Russian Communist Party. From 1923 he was secretary of the Party's Central Control Commission. In 1925–26 he headed the press department of the Control Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). From 1928 to 1933 Gusev was a member of the Comintern. Gusev's daughter, ELIZAVETA YAKOVLEVNA DRABKINA (1901–1974) was a writer, who spent the years 1934–56 in forced labor camps and exile. She wrote novels and literary memoirs devoted to the revolution and civil war periods (written after her rehabilitation). (The Shorter Jewish Encylopaedia in Russian)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gusev — ( ru. Гусев; de. Gumbinnen; lt. Gumbinė; pl. Głąbin/Gąbin) is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. It is situated close to the border with Lithuania, east of Chernyakhovsk. Population: 28,467 (2002 Census).As Gumbinnen, the town was the capital… …   Wikipedia

  • Gusev (disambiguation) — Gusev ( ru. Гусев), or Guseva (feminine; Гусева), is a Russian last name and may refer to:;People *Aleksandr Gusev (b. 1955), Soviet hockey player *Alexander Gusev (1880 ndash;1903), Russian revolutionary *Alexander Gusev (pilot) (1910… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandrov Ensemble soloists — G.Y. Andryushchenko: soloist of the Ensemble, Bolshoi Theatre soloist and People s Artist of Russia, who died 12 January 2011 This is an alphabetical list of the basso profondo, bass, bass baritone and tenor soloists who have performed with the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian language novelists — Russian Writers by Sergei Levitsky, 1856. This is a list of authors who have written works of fiction in the Russian language. The list encompasses novelists and writers of short fiction. For the plain text list, see Category:Russian novelists.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nine Days in One Year — Directed by Mikhail Romm Produced by Cinematography Ministry of the USSR …   Wikipedia

  • La Bayadère — Riho Otsu au cours d un grand jeté dans le rôle de Gamzatti Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandrov Ensemble — The Alexandrov Choir with Dance Ensemble, Warsaw 2009 …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow State Academy of Choreography — The Moscow State Academy of Choreography (Russian: Московская государственная академия хореографии abbreviated as МГАХ, formally known in Russian as Московское академическое хореографическое училище abbreviated as МАХУ), commonly known as The… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Roerich — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Nicholas Roerich Nombre real Николай Константинович Рерих Nacimiento 9 de octubre de 1874 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”